Poster Design

  1. Elements of a poster
  • Title
  • Introduction(hypothesis)
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements(optional)
  • References( use short in text citations instead of a section)
  1. Guidelines for Poster Design
  • Should appeal to your audience
  • Text should be large enough for far reading
  • Should be easy to follow
  • Easy to understand
  • Text should be simple
  1. Planning the poster
  • Determine the size and sketch it
  • Develop a hierarchy of information(start from general to specific)
  • Paper size must be the same for both poster and the design software
  1. Selecting fonts and text
  • Use no more than three fonts
  • Write titles in “sentence case’ instead of ‘title case’ or ‘ALL CAPS”
  • Use at least 48 point for titles and 24 point font for body text
  • Aim to have 800 words max
  • Cite Your sources
  • Make sure to provide empty space between each information (40% graphic ,35% empty space, 25% text)
  1. Making the poster
  • QuarkXPress,InDesign,LaTex,Scribus,Illustator
  • Save your poster to PDF


  • Marvin will print out the poster for us, but we need to review it before we hand it to him

False Alarm Calls

In 2001, police officers were sent to the 5756 alarm calls, less 1% activity is about criminal activity.

In 2002, police officers were sent to the 5688 alarm calls, also less 1% is about criminal activity.

The false alarm call brings a terrible impact to the 911 system; it makes the 911 and business call slow down.


The government attempts to do some following steps when people use the calls an alarm:

  • Verified responds
  • Fine driven responds
  • Cost recovery
  • Two-call verification

Also, the government tries to take actions to reduce the false alarm calls.

There is a fine if people execute a false alarm call. There is no fine for the first call, second call will be charged with $50, the third one is $100, four one is $150, five one is $200, and $250 for six one or above.





Crime and Free Wifi Services in NYC Subway Stations

Nowadays, the transportation system in NYC had improved a lot and started to have free wi-fi linked to the stations. We can consider the improvements to reduce risks happening in NYC subway. Especially when there was not many police officers on rush hours, the chance of criminal activity occur easily.

  1. Crime
  • The stations had most crime are Times Square, 125st, and 14st Union Square
  • The station had least crime are Aqueduct Racetrack, 77st and Hunter Point Ave
  • Of the crime activities, there were 70% physical force and 12.5% using knives. Moreover, 5.5% involved using a gun.

Nearly 40% of crimes occurred in midday hours 11am-5pm.


2. Free-WIfi

  • A BAI Communications company provides advanced cellular, Wi-Fi and for NYC wifi.
  • 278 underground stations has free-wifi mostly on Manhattan Areas
  • Services link to AT&T,T-MOBILE, and VERIZON. (nyc subway crime)   NYC Free-Wifi

Auto Dialer Security System

The purpose of the security system is to protect the environment from thieves and intruders.

  1. Auto Dial Security Alarm is one of the most important device for the owner
  • It has of motion sensor which detects the motion of a person in certain area being mounted( usually motion sensor mounts on doors and windows)
  • Once the sensor identifies the intruder(s), then the alarm will sound and even so it can automatically call up to 5 different preset numbers you have been selected
  • The sound will also let your neighbors know that there is something going on in the household
  • Furthermore, it provides the fast contact to the 911 emergency services once you receive the call from this alarm when there is no neighbors in your areas
  • It requires to install a battery connects to the AC adaptor and telephone line



Writing Abstracts For Research Project

What is an abstract?

An abstract is self-contained summary of a project that is discipline-specific, audience-specific, and includes searchable keywords.

Information included in an abstract?

  1. motivation/significance
  2. problem/purpose
  3. methodology
  4. conclusion
  5. implication

Tips for writing abstracts

  • determine your primary audience
  • establish the importance of your project
  • be clear and concise, and use language suitable to your audience
  • discuss your abstract with your faculty mentor



Workshop Poster Presentations

1.How to Present Research

  • Poster has to be easy to understand &straight to point
  • Speak out background first

2.Crafting Story

  • Describe research topic
  • Introduce data and how you get it
  • What method of analysis?
  • Conclusion about the findings
  • what are the next step for research?Does it lead to a new research question and project question.

3.Creating Handouts

  • My name
  • Project title
  • Contact info
  • Small print of my poster
  • Supplemental information (data)
  • Optimize for letter size paper

4. Criteria for Effective Communication

  • Give audience your full attention
  • Be conversational-translate the poster that anyone can understand
  • Make eye-contact 70-80% of the time
  • Adapt the message to the audience
  • Make sure to smile and speak clearly
  • use sign post
  • speak clearly and loudly
  • taken form

5.Answering Questions

  • Be proactive-create a small FAQ based on what I think the most common questions will be
  • Get the audience involve to answer these questions
  • If I don’t know the answer, then don’t make up things and admit to the adudience

6.Managing Anxiety

  • Realize the nervousness is normal
  • Practice and preparation are the best ways to manage anxiety
  • Understand that it is ok to not have all the answers
  • Focus on speaking clearly

7.Day of the Presentation

  • Dress professionally
  • Wear a name tag if possible
  • Stay close to the poster
  • Engage people as they approach my poster

Highway Emergency Assistance Cell Numbers

511 —”America’s Traveler Information Telephone Number”, providing current road conditions and construction datas.

About half the states currently have working 511 systems statewide or in some cities/areas. Almost all states have received funding to set up 511 systems.

Some states have special numbers (starts with 77) for calling the police or (start with 47) for highway patrol.

Alabama:  Cellphone-only: *HP (star 47)

Alaska:  911

Arizona:  911

Arkansas:  911 or Cellphone-only: *55 (star 55)

California:  911

Colorado:  911 or Cellphone-only: *CSP (star 277) or *DUI (star 384) —to report DUIs

Connecticut:  911 or (800-443-6817)

Delaware:  911

Florida:  911 or 800-459-6861 or Cellphone-only: *FHP (star 347)

Georgia:  911 or Cellphone-only: *GSP (star 477)

Hawaii:  911

Idaho:  911 or 800-233-1212 or Cellphone-only: *ISP (star 477)

Illinois:  911 or Cellphone-only: *999 (star 999)

Indiana:  911

Iowa:  911 or 800-555-HELP (800-555-4357)
Kansas:  911 (Statewide) or Cellphone-only: *HP (star 47 for Salina, KS;
*KTA (*482) —Kansas Turnpike and for Wichita, KS

Kentucky:  911 or 800-222-5555

Louisiana:  911 or Cellphone-only: *LHP (star 547);
Lake Ponchartrain Causeway: *27 (star 27 —cellphone-only) or 504-893-6250

Maine:  911 or Cellphone-only: *SP (star 77)

Maryland:  911 or Cellphone-only: #SP (pound 77)

Massachusetts:  Cellphones: *MSP (star 677) – in the 413 areacode; *SP (star 77) —outside the 413 areacode

Michigan:  911

Minnesota:  911

Mississippi:  Cellphone only: *HP (star 47)

Missouri:  Cellphone-only: *55 (star 55) or 800-525-5555

Montana:  911 (emergency only) or 800-525-5555 (non-emergency)

Nebraska:  911 or 800-525-5555 or Cellphone-only:*55 (star 55)

Nevada:  911 or Cellphone-only:*NHP (star 647)

New Hampshire:  911 or 800-622-2394 or Cellphone-only: *SP (star 77)

New Jersey:  911 or Cellphone-only: #77 (pound 77 —to report aggressive driving)

New Mexico:  911 or 505-827-9301

New York:  911

North Carolina:  Cellphone only: *HP (star 47) or 800-662-7956

North Dakota:  911

Ohio:  911 or 800-525-5555 (OHP) or 800-877-7PATROL (Ohio only, to report non-emergency safety concerns) or 800-GRAB-DUI (to report erratic driving)

Oklahoma:  Cellphone-only *55 (star 55)

Oregon:  911

Pennsylvania:  911 or Cellphone-only: *11 (star 11) —on turnpikes

Rhode Island:  911 or 401-444-1069

South Carolina:  Cellphone only: *HP (star 47)

South Dakota:  911

Tennessee:  Cellphone-only: *THP (star 847) or 615-741-2060

Texas:  911 or 800-525-5555 or Cellphone-only: *DPS (star 377)

Utah:  911 or Cellphone-only: *11 (star 11)

Vermont:  911 or DWI Hotline: 800-GETADWI and *DWI (star 394 —cellphone-only)

Virginia:  911 or Cellphone-only: #SP (pound 77)

U.S. Virgin Islands:  911

Washington:  911

West Virginia:  Cellphone-only: *SP (star 77)

Wisconsin:  911

Wyoming:  Cellphone only: #HELP (pound 4357) or 800-442-9090

When in doubt:

0 (zero) —Operator assistance
411 —local directory assistance
(area code) + 555-1212 —non-local directory assistance